Socrates did not teach in a school the old philosopher drifted around athens, engaging his students in arguments about justice, bravery, and ethics socrates taught by asking questions that forced his students to use logic. The oldest, and still the most powerful, teaching tactic for fostering critical thinking is socratic teaching in socratic teaching we focus on giving students questions, not answers we model an inquiring, probing mind by continually probing into the subject with questions fortunately, the. A frustration: evaluating reasoning vs evaluating premises here's a frustration i have in teaching reasoning to students i don't teach logic or critical thinking, but do feel compelled to give students a foothold in logical reasoning in introductory level philosophy courses. Colotes criticizes socrates’ statement in the phaedrus (230a) that he does not know himself (plutarch, against colotes 21 1119b), and philodemus attacks socrates’ argument in the protagoras (319d) that virtue cannot be taught (rhetoric i 261, 8ff. Essay: did the trial of socrates represent a betrayal of athens’ values, or did socrates pose a genuine threat to the athenian city-state that justified his trial and execution represent both sides of the argument and defend your thesis.
Socrates proposes the following hypothesis: if virtue is a kind of knowledge, then it can be taught (and if it is not, it cannot) the next point to consider, then, is whether or not virtue is a kind of knowledge. The strongest argument of those who claim socrates did not actually believe in the idea of philosopher kings is that the view is expressed no earlier than plato's republic, which is widely considered one of plato's middle dialogues and not representative of the historical socrates's views. The philosopher socrates remains, philosophers have often decided to bypass the historical problems altogether and to assume for the sake of argument that plato’s socrates is the socrates who is relevant to potential progress in philosophy that strategy, as we shall soon see, gives rise to a new socratic problem (§22) writing his. How to write a philosophy paper evaluation part of the paper is your chance to do some philosophy of your own it is not enough merely to state whether you agree or disagree with the don’t end with a hedged claim like “though socrates’ argument is strong without being taught” in fact” rather than an unqualified conclusion.
At the heart of philosophy is philosophical argument arguments are different from assertions assertions are simply stated arguments always involve giving conclusion: socrates is mortal claiming that the argument is not valid if you are evaluating an inductive argument, you are claiming that the premises do not provide a (good or. In plato’s meno, socrates uses ignorance to prove excellence cannot be taught or even attained by human actions the process involves socrates purposefully contradicting himself to entice meno’s focus through socrates, plato argues particular criteria cannot determine excellence within a. He uses it in argument in the context of the larger question whether virtue can be taught, probably on the assumption that, if it can be taught, it can be taught as expert knowledge is taught but socrates questions whether it can be taught at all. It starts with meno questioning socrates about virtue, about how virtue can be taught but socrates humbly answered that he did not know what virtue means, or how virtue can be taught then, socrates asked meno to define virtue for him for he does not know anyone who knew what it meant.
Evaluating teaching credentials either in a cover letter or in a separate statement of teaching philosophy letters for junior job candidates (eg, candidates' dissertation advisors) have enough exposure to the candidates' teaching to evaluate it thoroughly or adequately a handful of classroom observations aren't enough to. Socrates asks meno for a general definition of virtue, since as socrates points out, we cannot figure out if virtue can be taught if we do not have a clear idea what it is socrates is looking for a general, or formal definition of virtue, not just examples or instances of it. Agathon admitted that he could not refute socrates, but socrates corrected this by reminding him that socrates could easily be refuted, but the truth could not be90 socrates did not like to miss an opportunity to help an individual clarify his ideas. Plato, through the voice of character socrates, concludes that virtue cannot be taught and is a faculty given by the gods (in secular language, it is inborn) i reprinted this reflection here as it may prove to some – okay, maybe only a handful – mildly interesting (no more than “mildly” though.
The socratic method, also known as maieutics, method of elenchus, elenctic method, or socratic debate, is a form of cooperative argumentative dialogue between individuals, based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to draw out ideas and underlying presuppositions it is a dialectical method, involving a discussion in which the defense of one point of view is. Reading through the meno recently, which begins with the question can virtue be taught socrates in his conversation with meno initially comes to the conclusion that virtue is a sort of knowledge and that as knowledge it can be taught. Mather philosophy ch 1 and 2 study play the study of methods for evaluating arguments and reasoning skepticism belief that we cannot have knowledge b/c it lacks justification sophists traveling educators during socrates' day who would offer practical courses for a fee and who taught the doctrine of skepticism.
Cabrillo college claudia r close introduction to philosophy – philo4 fall 2010 a short guide to paraphrasing, schematizing & evaluating arguments. Socrates is revered for his shifting of greek philosophical thought from the contemplation of the nature of the universe, which occupied the philosophers before him, to the examination of human. Philosophy versus sophistry: (plato's apologia of socrates) the complete text of the apology two kinds of charges: the informal charge aristophanes (the clouds) - socrates is guilty of criminal meddling, in that he inquires into things below the earth and in the sky, and makes the weaker argument defeat the stronger, and teaches others to follow his example. This exercise is intended for a lower level philosophy course the students should already have some familiarity with the notions of deductive validity and soundness and should have seen the professor model the extraction of quasi-formal arguments from prose (preferably by having the professor do this in lecture with some of the assigned readings for the course.